1, the most familiar socks material fabric: cotton (Cotton)
Usually we all like to wear pure cotton socks, but is cotton 100% cotton? The answer from the socks expert is no. If the composition of a pair of socks is 100% cotton, then the pair of socks is cotton. Generally, socks with a cotton content of more than 75% can be called cotton socks, and socks with a cotton content of 85% are very high-grade cotton socks.
The shortcomings of cotton fabrics are not resistant to sunlight, easy to yellow, poor elasticity, easy to wrinkle, mildew, and abrasion resistance. Therefore, cotton socks need to add some functional fibers to maintain the elasticity, fastness and comfort of the socks. Spandex, nylon, acrylic, polyester, etc. are very common functional fibers. Socks that do not contain these functional fibers are not good socks.
Cotton Combed Cotton (Comed Cotton)
Combed cotton is a long, neat cotton fiber that is left behind by the use of a machine called a comber to remove shorter fibers from ordinary fibers. Due to the removal of short cotton fibers and other fibrous impurities, the cotton yarn spun from the combed cotton is finer, and the finished product has a smoother and more comfortable hand, which is a better quality in cotton.
Mercerized cotton is a cotton fiber obtained by subjecting ordinary cotton fibers to a mercerizing process in a concentrated alkali solution. Under the premise that the performance of other physical indexes does not change, this kind of cotton fiber has better gloss than ordinary cotton fiber, and is relatively shiny. It is like silk composition, feels more lubricious, and is less prone to wrinkle. The material of mercerized cotton is often seen in thin socks in summer.
2, warm socks, excellent material: wool (wool)
Wool is another common sock fabric. Wool socks are characterized by excellent warmth but relatively expensive. It is not very useful for general work, but it is a good choice for home socks in a room without heating. Wool socks have good warmth and good anti-odor effect, but the moisture absorption of wool socks is not unlimited, and the sweaty feet are not suitable for wearing wool socks. Inferior wool socks are also easy to pilling.
3, socks must be material material composition: spandex (Spandex)
Spandex is commonly known as elastic fiber. It has high elasticity and strong stretchability. Its stretch length can reach 5-7 times that of fibrils. The textile products added with spandex can maintain the original contour. The composition of the socks must contain spandex to make the socks elastic and retractable, easier to wear, and make the socks more close to the foot, just like a swimsuit can be tightly wrapped in the footsteps, so as not to slip off. So spandex is almost a must for all socks.
Lycra is actually a spandex fiber. In layman's terms, Lycra is spandex and spandex is Lycra.
Unlike conventional elastic fibers, Lycra has a stretch of up to 500% and can slowly return to its original shape. That is to say, the fiber can be stretched very easily, but it can be attached to the surface of the human body after being recovered, and the binding force to the human body is small. Lycra fiber can be used with any fabric, including wool, hemp, silk and cotton, to increase the fabric's fit, elasticity and loose natural characteristics. Moreover, unlike most spandex yarns, Lycra has a special chemical structure that does not grow mildew in a wet-heat sealed space after wet water.
Lycra is known as a "friendly" fiber, not only because it can be thoroughly blended with natural and man-made fibers, but also to increase the comfort, fit, freedom and longevity of the fabric or garment.
4, stockings and cotton socks are inseparable from the material fabric: nylon (Jinlun / Polyamide)
Nylon is the name of a synthetic fiber with Chinese characteristics, and people are more familiar with another name - nylon. The scientific name of nylon is called polyamide fiber. Nylon is similar in nature to nylon, and it is the most wear-resistant and strongest of synthetic fibers. The weight is very light and the elasticity is good. Adding nylon to the socks can maintain high strength and elasticity. Nylon is the main material for almost all stovepipe socks (or varicose stretch socks). Note that D in the stovepipe socks refers to the textile density, usually the greater the number, the greater the thickness and pressure. For health reasons, high D number stovepipe socks should not be worn for a long time.
Nylon was developed by American scientist Carothers and a research team under his leadership. It is the first synthetic fiber in the world. The appearance of nylon has made the textile look new. Its synthesis is a major breakthrough in the synthetic fiber industry. An important milestone in polymer chemistry.
Acrylic / Acrylic
Acrylic is the name of internationalization. Acrylic fiber is the name of polyacrylonitrile in China. It is soft, light and warm. It is called “artificial wool”. Its weight is 10% lighter than wool, but its strength is twice. many. Acrylic fiber will not be moldy, nor will it be worm-eaten. It is also twice as resistant to sunlight as wool and 10 times larger than cotton. In the 1970s and 1980s, the “expanded wool” used by women in the South was acrylic. The plush called acrylic is particularly soft and soft, and all of them are loved by people at that time. However, the acrylic plant has a very big disadvantage: it is easy to pilling, and the wear resistance is poor. The addition of acrylic to the fabric is to enjoy its light and soft warmth. In fact, the fiber blended with acrylic and cashmere wool is also called wool nitrile. It is also a very popular wool variety in the 1970s and 1980s, because acrylic and wool have excellent thermal insulation properties.
It is hard to imagine that the bathtub and clothing socks are made of acrylic. The biggest difference is that the bathtub is made of acrylic material, while the clothing socks are made of acrylic fiber, such as warm pantyhose in spring and autumn.
Polypropylene is a name with Chinese characteristics, and it should actually be polypropylene fiber, so it is named polypropylene. The biggest thing about polypropylene is light, but its own hygroscopicity is very weak and it is almost non-hygroscopic, so the moisture regain is close to zero. However, its wicking effect is quite strong, it can transfer water vapor through the fibers in the fabric, which means that the socks containing polypropylene components have a very strong perspiration function. Moreover, since the strength of polypropylene is very high, abrasion resistance and stretch resistance, it is often seen in sports socks that it contains polypropylene.
Compared with natural fibers, polyester has good elasticity and bulkiness, and the woven socks are lighter. In the past, people often wear cool shirts to enjoy its thinness. However, polyester has a low water content, poor gas permeability, poor dyeability, easy pilling, and easy staining.
5, viscose (Viscose Rayon) recycled fiber
This is also a very common fiber component and is also common in some wool coat compositions. It can also be seen on the label of some socks. In fact, it is viscose fiber. The expressions of the merchants are often not consistent. For example, rayon, ice silk and so on all refer to the same kind of thing. Do not think that viscose is a non-natural product. In fact, viscose fiber is a fiber produced from cotton or other natural fibers. It is characterized by softness and elegance. The addition of viscose to textiles can make the hand feel smoother and the fabric is shiny. Since the viscose is produced from natural fibers, the name and characteristics of the viscose produced by different natural fibers are different.
Tencel is actually a kind of viscose fiber, and Leica itself is a trade name of spandex. It is the trade name of Lyocell fiber produced by Acocdis Company of the United Kingdom and is registered as Tencel in China.
Bamboo fiber (Bamboo Fibre)
Bamboo fiber is also a viscose fiber. The raw material of bamboo fiber comes from bamboo. Since the regeneration of bamboo is much faster than wood, it is more environmentally friendly in this contemporary industrialized production. The bamboo fiber fabric is also soft and elegant, and has a comfortable hand feeling, and can not be worn, absorbed, quickly dried and breathable. It differs from cotton, wood and other viscose fibers in that it has good antibacterial properties and health care effects. Bamboo fiber contains an antibacterial substance called "bamboo", which has natural antibacterial, anti-mite and deodorant properties. In addition, the ultraviolet transmittance of bamboo fiber is 0.6%, which is 41.6 times that of cotton. It is very good. Raw material for UV resistant fabrics.
The antioxidant compounds in bamboo can effectively remove free radicals from the body and have anti-aging biological effects. Contains a variety of essential amino acids, and bamboo cellulose, bamboo dense, pectin has the effect of moisturizing the skin and anti-fatigue; can increase the microcirculation blood flow of the human body, activate tissue cells, and make the human body produce a warming effect, which can be effective Regulate the nervous system and clear the meridians to improve sleep quality.
Textile fiber, belonging to the category of viscose. Developed by the company Lenzing. The European eucalyptus is beaten and spun. It is 100% natural and can be naturally decomposed and is harmless to the environment and the human body. The fabric treated with cotton and polyester spinning with modal fiber has a silky luster, good drape, soft and smooth handfeel. Adding modal to the ingredients of the socks makes the socks feel softer and more comfortable, and is also a very popular textile in recent years.
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