Looking at the history of global industrial development, it is not difficult to find that before every change comes and a new pattern is formed, every new industry, new transformation, new growth or arrival will be accompanied by some industry decline or "misunderstanding". Appearance. These industries are not labeled as irresponsibly artificially labeled as “sunset industry”, or they are thrown into the ranks of “elimination of backwardness” without any mercy.
Like the natural reincarnation of spring, summer, autumn and winter, some industrial industries will continue to add new fashion and technology elements with the advancement of time, and give it a new "soul and core", and these industries will inevitably usher in new developments. Opportunity and dawn.
For decades, Chinese textile has experienced both the climax of development and the low point of development. From the initial pillar industries of the national economy to China's traditional pillar industries, important civilian production industries and industries that create new advantages in internationalization, the transformation of technology and fashion, clothing consumption and industrial use, China's textile industry has experienced many difficulties. Hey, ups and downs, has been misunderstood many times. Even now, Chinese textiles are still misunderstood in many ways.
Misunderstanding 1: Sunset industry, backward industry
Once upon a time, there was such a view that the textile industry was a sunset industry and a backward industry. It was far less supportive of the national economy than the industries such as automobile electronics. In some places, it was also proposed to phase out some textile enterprises within a limited time; most of the bank leaders in China also Not optimistic about the textile industry, the textile industry is considered a high-risk industry, and does not dare to lend to textile enterprises. In fact, the textile industry has made or is still making important contributions to China's GDP. Not to mention the leading position of the textile industry in the entire country in the early days of the founding of the country. Even now, in the context of the sluggish industrial development in the country, the development of the textile industry is still better than that of steel and cement. According to the statistics of the Bureau of Statistics, from January to April, among the 41 major industrial sectors in the country, the total profit of 33 industries increased compared with the same period of 2015. Among them, the textile industry grew by 6.8%, better than the national average of 6.5%.
In fact, the debate over whether the textile industry is a sunset industry has been around for a long time. So, what is the sunset industry? Is the traditional industry necessarily a sunset industry?
At present, the definition of the popular public is that the so-called sunset industry refers to an image of the traditional industrial sector that tends to decline. The sunset industry is related to the product life cycle. Some product technologies have matured, continuous innovation has become exhausted, the market is saturated, products tend to be homogenous, competition is fierce, and profits are low. According to this definition, it seems that certain characteristics of the textile industry and the sunset industry are consistent.
However, although the world textile has continued to advance after several hundred years of development, although the history of China's textile development has gone through many ups and downs, no matter how bad the living environment is, if you give a little sunshine, you can once again usher in a vigor and a brilliant future. ,brilliant. More than a decade ago, when the renminbi was in the initial stage of appreciation, the economics industry, including the company’s own calculations, concluded that if the renminbi appreciated by 5%, the entire industry would lose money, and the textile industry would face the risk of bankruptcy. However, our appreciation of the renminbi has already exceeded this ratio, and we have not closed down. When I first joined the WTO, many companies said that according to WTO rules, the textile industry would face the risk of “downfalling”, but the result was that instead of “falling down”, on the contrary, development was better.
Everyone knows that the opposite of the sunset industry is the sunrise industry. In fact, when many Chaoyang enterprises rise, they enter the state of counting into the sunset industry. Whether an industry is a sunrise industry or a sunset is not determined by the timing of the emergence of this industry; it is not determined by certain experts; it is not determined by the high and low grades of the industry. It is determined by the market. As long as there is a market and a sustainable market, it is a sunrise industry. In this sense, the traditional industry is not the same as the sunset industry. For example, although the film industry is later than the textile industry, with the popularity of digital cameras, fewer and fewer people use film, and the film industry is disappearing. It should be said that it is a sunset industry. For example, the polysilicon industry, which was called the high-tech sunrise industry a few years ago, suddenly became a declining industry. The textile industry, which has a history of hundreds of years, has not disappeared. The United States, which represents the direction of world technology development, has also proposed the slogan of revitalizing the US textile industry in recent years.
Therefore, we can confidently say that the textile industry is neither a sunset industry nor a backward industry. The industry is merging with high technology and many fields.
Misunderstanding 2: Low technological content and added value
In the eyes of many people, the textile industry has always been a low-tech industry. The reason why there is such a view is not without reason. First of all, as a traditional industry, in people's minds, textiles are more responsible for the role of sheltering the body from the cold. As everyone knows, with the development of science and technology, with the continuous penetration and integration of multi-disciplinary technology, the textile industry has become or is becoming an industry of “synthesis of technology and fashion, clothing consumption and industrial use”.
Textiles have a high technical content and have been around for a long time. Not to mention that the Han Dynasty Jinyu Yuyi is difficult to replicate even under the current technological conditions, and it is difficult to surpass the Han and Tang Dynasty under the current technical conditions. Even in China, the development of textile technology has achieved great success and great changes have taken place. These changes are mainly reflected in several aspects such as equipment intelligence, product functionalization, and spinning technology
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